Occupational Injury Surveillance of Production Agriculture Survey

There are a variety of tasks, conditions, and situations in production agriculture that place workers at risk for fatal and nonfatal injury. In addition to workers, family members are at risk for injuries because of the close proximity between the home and the agricultural work environment. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has been directed by Congress to develop a comprehensive agricultural safety and health program to address the risk of injuries and work-related illnesses for workers and family members in production agriculture.

NIOSH completed the Occupational Injury Surveillance of Production Agriculture (OISPA) survey to provide national injury data covering adults age 20 and older who work on farms in the United States. NIOSH provides the data in accessible online electronic tables (e-tables). Click here to be directed to the NIOSH website for complete access to this valuable information. The e-tables present OISPA data for the years 2001, 2004, and 2009. Additional information located on NIOSH’s OISPA website includes links to interpretations of the data provided in NIOSH documents and publications and the NIOSH Cost-effective Rollover Protective Structures (CROPS) website.

Click here for information about childhood agricultural injury survey data from 2001, 2004, 2006, and 2009.

 

Reviewed and Summarized by:
Linda M. Fetzer, Pennsylvania State University – lmf8@psu.edu
Kitty J. Hendricks, NIOSH  kjt1@cdc.gov
Dennis J. Murphy, Pennsylvania State University – djm13@psu.edu
Aaron M. Yoder, University of Nebraska Medical Center – aaron.yoder@unmc.edu
 

Ag Safety and Health Publication Resources

Print, video, and webinar resources are valuable to agricultural producers, agricultural educators, agricultural safety and health professionals, and Cooperative Extension personnel. In addition to the resources available on eXtension and through the Farm and Ranch eXtension in Safety and Health (FReSH) site, there are additional agricultural safety and health resources available through universities and organizations. The following information provides links to available online publications (2000 and newer) from universities and agricultural safety and health organizations. Topics are listed below. Click on the topic to be linked to topic article where the individual publication links are located.

Animal Safety

Behavioral Health

Chemical and Biological Material Safety

Confined Space Safety

  • Grain Bins
  • Manure Storages
  • Silos

Crops and Feed Safety

Emergency Response and Preparedness

  • Agricultural Emergencies
  • Fire and Fire Prevention
  • First Aid
  • Weather-Related Issues

General Farm and Ranch Safety

  • Agritourism
  • General Farm and Ranch Safety

Machinery and Equipment

  • Agricultural Tractors and Equipment
  • Agricultural Vehicles, Visibility, and Public Roadways
  • ATV
  • Chainsaws and Tree Felling
  • Hand Signals
  • Lawncare

Occupational Health and Safety

  • Agriculture and Weather
  • Falls and Fall Prevention
  • Health Conditions
  • Personal Protective Equipment

Special Populations

  • Agricultural Producers with a Disability
  • Anabaptist (e.g., Amish) Populations
  • Children and Youth
  • Hispanic Resources
  • Secondary Injury Prevention

Structures and Landscapes

 

For video resources, click here to access an online directory of agricultural safety and health video resources.


Summarized by:
Linda M. Fetzer, Pennsylvania State University – lmf8@psu.edu
Reviewed by:
Dennis J. Murphy, Pennsylvania State University – djm13@psu.edu
Aaron M. Yoder, Pennsylvania State University – ayoder@psu.edu

Agricultural Safety and Health Video Resources

Print, video, and webinar resources are valuable to agricultural producers, agricultural educators, agricultural safety and health professionals, and Cooperative Extension personnel. In addition to the resources available on eXtension and through the Farm and Ranch eXtension in Safety and Health (FReSH) site, there are additional agricultural safety and health resource available through universities and organizations. The following information provides links to available video publications (2000 and newer) from universities and agricultural safety and health organizations. Topics are listed below. Click on the topic to be linked to the article where the individual resources links are located by category.

Animal Safety

Chemical Safety

Confined Space Safety

  • Grain Bins
  • Manure Storages

Crop Safety

Emergency Response and Safety

General Farm and Ranch Safety

Machinery and Equipment Safety

  • Equipment
  • Rural Roadways
  • Tractor and PTO

Occupational Health and Safety

  • Falls and Fall Prevention
  • Health Conditions
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Weather-Related Issues

Safety for Special Populations

Traumatic Injury

 

For print resources, click here to access a directory of online agricultural safety and health publications.

 

Summarized by:
Linda M. Fetzer, Pennsylvania State University – lmf8@psu.edu
Reviewed by:
Dennis J. Murphy, Pennsylvania State University – djm13@psu.edu
Aaron M. Yoder, Pennsylvania State University – aaron.yoder@unmc.edu

Childhood Agricultural Injury Survey

Children and youth are active on many family-operated farms and ranches across the country. Agriculture continues to rank as one of the most dangerous occupations, and children and youth on a farm or ranch are as susceptible to the occupation’s dangers as adults. Injuries can occur when children and youth lack supervision, perform dangerous jobs, lack proper training, or do jobs that are not age-appropriate.

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) completed the Childhood Agricultural Injury Survey (CAIS) to develop national injury data covering youth under 20 years old who work on farms in the United States. NIOSH provides the data in accessible electronic tables (e-tables) via the Internet. Click here to be directed to the NIOSH website for complete access to this valuable information.  

The NIOSH site provides access to e-tables representing CAIS data for the years 2001, 2004, 2006, and 2009, and Minority Farm Operator Childhood Agricultural Injury Survey (M-CAIS) data for the years 2000, 2003, and 2008. Data for additional years will be added when the information becomes available.  

Additional information located on NIOSH’s CAIS website includes links to NIOSH publications relating to children and agriculture, reports of investigations of agricultural fatalities involving children, extramural funding and research opportunities, and other resources addressing the prevention of childhood agricultural injury.

Click here for information about the occupational injury surveillance of production agricultural survey data from 2001, 2004, and 2009.

 

Reviewed and Summarized by:
Linda M. Fetzer, Pennsylvania State University – lmf8@psu.edu   
Kitty Hendricks, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health – kjt1@cdc.gov
Dennis J. Murphy, Pennsylvania State University – djm13@psu.edu
Aaron Yoder, University of Nebraska Medical Center – aaron.yoder@unmc.edu
 

 

NCERA 197: Agricultural Equipment on Public Roads

Use the following format to cite this article:

NCERA 197: Agricultural Equipment on Public Roads. (2012) Farm and Ranch eXtension in Safety and Health (FReSH) Community of Practice. Retrieved from http://www.extension.org/pages/64718/ncera-197:-agricultural-equipment-o….

 

In areas where rural and urban settings come together, motorists are more likely to encounter agricultural equipment and vehicles on public roads. In 2007, the North Central Education/Extension Research Activity (NCERA) 197 committee identified the operation of agricultural equipment on public roads as an agricultural safety and health priority area in need of further research and awareness. 

The committee reviewed research and engineering standards and identified extension and outreach and policy priorities related to the operation of agricultural equipment on public roads. The lists below outline the committee’s major recommendations in these areas.

Research and Development

  • To improve understanding of the characteristics of crashes between motor vehicles and agricultural machines or equipment, reporting and investigative agencies should develop and use standardized reporting terminology.
  • Researchers should prioritize the determination of best practices for lighting and marking agricultural equipment and vehicles (such as the use of slow moving vehicle [SMV] emblems on animal-drawn buggies).
  • As use of high-speed tractors, self-propelled machines, and towed equipment increases, engineers must improve and adapt braking and steering systems, tires, and rollover protective structures (ROPS) for high-speed machinery and equipment.
  • Researchers, officials, and agricultural safety and health leaders and experts should examine driver education curricula, which are not standardized nationally, to evaluate the level of instruction students receive about sharing roadways with agricultural equipment.
  • Researchers should examine the effectiveness of graduated licensing for youth operating agricultural equipment on public roadways.

Engineering Standards

  • Organizations and entities that formulate engineering design standards should base standards more directly on research findings. Engineers should collaborate with researchers and end users when developing and designing agricultural equipment.
  • When designing machinery and equipment, engineers should apply standards that require automatic and passive protection for drivers and riders operating agricultural equipment on public roads.
  • Designers and manufacturers should continually consider ways in which new technologies can be incorporated in the design standards and applications of agricultural equipment.

Safety Programs

  • Safety programs must balance the educational effort by educating both agricultural workers and the general public about:
    • best practices for operating farm equipment on roadways, 
    • the purpose and usage of SMV and speed indicator symbol (SIS) emblems, and
    • the ways exclusions and exemptions of agricultural equipment from traffic regulations impact the interaction of vehicles and agricultural equipment on roadways.
  • Safety programs should work with local and state law-enforcement agencies to increase officers’ awareness of laws related to farm equipment.
  • Safety program personnel should work with manufacturers of Amish buggies to encourage the use of marking and lighting systems that meet current standards developed by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE), the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), and the Department of Transportation (DOT).

Policy

  • State policies should promote the comprehensive explanation of SMV and SIS emblems in driver’s manuals and as part of driver education programs.
  • A more comprehensive Uniform Vehicle Code (UVC) should be developed and adopted both nationally and at state levels. The new code should address modern types of agricultural equipment and the use of such equipment on roadways. Details of the code should include:
    • required registration of farm equipment for roadway use,
    • necessary qualifications and training for operators of agricultural equipment, and
    • regulations regarding the use of animal-drawn buggies, wagons, and equipment.
  • Policies should ensure consistent funding for research into the hazards of operating agricultural equipment on roadways and the best safety practices for the operation of farm equipment on public roads.
  • State and local governments should establish land-use policies to manage the interactions between farming and nonfarming vehicles on public roads.
  • Policies should encourage stricter enforcement by local and state police of proper SMV emblem usage.

Resources

Click here to review the NCERA 197 publication Agricultural Equipment on Public Roads, which explains the committee’s findings in their entirety.

For more information about the topics discussed in this article, click the links to the following articles:

 

Use the following format to cite this article:

NCERA 197: Agricultural Equipment on Public Roads. (2012) Farm and Ranch eXtension in Safety and Health (FReSH) Community of Practice. Retrieved from http://www.extension.org/pages/64718/ncera-197:-agricultural-equipment-o….

 

Reviewed and Summarized by:
Linda M. Fetzer, Pennsylvania State University – lmf8@psu.edu
Dennis J. Murphy, Pennsylvania State University – djm13@psu.edu
Aaron M. Yoder, University of Nebraska Medical Center – aaron.yoder@unmc.edu