Crop and Feed Safety Video Resources


Topic Titles Organization Resource Type
Farm Safety – Crop Protection Products (2011)
2:51 minutes
Canadian Agricultural Safety Association Free – Online Video via YouTube
Feeder Safety (Dairy Safety Training Part II, Section 3)
6:59 minutes
U.S. Agricultural Safety and Health Centers Free – Online Video via YouTube
3:46 minutes
U.S. Agricultural Safety and Health Centers Free – Online Video via YouTube

Preventing Silage-Related Injuries and Fatalities Among Farm Workers


6:30 minutes

Virginia Tech Free – Online Video via YouTube
Silage Safety
17:18 minutes

Dr. Keith Bolsen

Kansas State University

Free DVD – Contact Dr. Bolsen at
24:10 minutes
Farm Employers Labor Services Available for purchase – $98/DVD


Agricultural Safety and Health Video Resources

Print, video, and webinar resources are valuable to agricultural producers, agricultural educators, agricultural safety and health professionals, and Cooperative Extension personnel. In addition to the resources available on eXtension and through the  Ag Safety and Health Community of Practice in eXtension site, there are additional agricultural safety and health resource available through universities and organizations. The following information provides links to available video publications (2000 and newer) from universities and agricultural safety and health organizations. Topics are listed below. Click on the topic to be linked to the article where the individual resources links are located by category.

Animal Safety

Chemical Safety

Confined Space Safety

  • Grain Bins
  • Manure Storages

Crop Safety

Emergency Response and Safety

General Farm and Ranch Safety

Machinery and Equipment Safety

  • Equipment
  • Rural Roadways
  • Tractor and PTO

Occupational Health and Safety

  • Falls and Fall Prevention
  • Health Conditions
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Weather-Related Issues

Safety for Special Populations

Traumatic Injury

For print resources, click here to access a directory of online agricultural safety and health publications.

Summarized by:
Linda M. Fetzer, Pennsylvania State University –
Reviewed by:
Dennis J. Murphy, Pennsylvania State University –
Aaron M. Yoder, Pennsylvania State University –

Childhood Agricultural Injury Survey

Children and youth are active on many family-operated farms and ranches across the country. Agriculture continues to rank as one of the most dangerous occupations, and children and youth on a farm or ranch are as susceptible to the occupation’s dangers as adults. Injuries can occur when children and youth lack supervision, perform dangerous jobs, lack proper training, or do jobs that are not age-appropriate.

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) completed the Childhood Agricultural Injury Survey (CAIS) to develop national injury data covering youth under 20 years old who work on farms in the United States. NIOSH provides the data in accessible electronic tables (e-tables) via the Internet. Click here to be directed to the NIOSH website for complete access to this valuable information.  

The NIOSH site provides access to e-tables representing CAIS data for the years 2001, 2004, 2006, and 2009, and Minority Farm Operator Childhood Agricultural Injury Survey (M-CAIS) data for the years 2000, 2003, and 2008. Data for additional years will be added when the information becomes available.  

Additional information located on NIOSH’s CAIS website includes links to NIOSH publications relating to children and agriculture, reports of investigations of agricultural fatalities involving children, extramural funding and research opportunities, and other resources addressing the prevention of childhood agricultural injury.

Click here for information about the occupational injury surveillance of production agricultural survey data from 2001, 2004, and 2009.


Reviewed and Summarized by:
Linda M. Fetzer, Pennsylvania State University –   
Kitty Hendricks, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health –
Dennis J. Murphy, Pennsylvania State University –
Aaron Yoder, University of Nebraska Medical Center –


NCERA 197: Agricultural Equipment on Public Roads

Use the following format to cite this article:

NCERA 197: Agricultural Equipment on Public Roads. (2012) Farm and Ranch eXtension in Safety and Health (FReSH) Community of Practice. Retrieved from….


In areas where rural and urban settings come together, motorists are more likely to encounter agricultural equipment and vehicles on public roads. In 2007, the North Central Education/Extension Research Activity (NCERA) 197 committee identified the operation of agricultural equipment on public roads as an agricultural safety and health priority area in need of further research and awareness. 

The committee reviewed research and engineering standards and identified extension and outreach and policy priorities related to the operation of agricultural equipment on public roads. The lists below outline the committee’s major recommendations in these areas.

Research and Development

  • To improve understanding of the characteristics of crashes between motor vehicles and agricultural machines or equipment, reporting and investigative agencies should develop and use standardized reporting terminology.
  • Researchers should prioritize the determination of best practices for lighting and marking agricultural equipment and vehicles (such as the use of slow moving vehicle [SMV] emblems on animal-drawn buggies).
  • As use of high-speed tractors, self-propelled machines, and towed equipment increases, engineers must improve and adapt braking and steering systems, tires, and rollover protective structures (ROPS) for high-speed machinery and equipment.
  • Researchers, officials, and agricultural safety and health leaders and experts should examine driver education curricula, which are not standardized nationally, to evaluate the level of instruction students receive about sharing roadways with agricultural equipment.
  • Researchers should examine the effectiveness of graduated licensing for youth operating agricultural equipment on public roadways.

Engineering Standards

  • Organizations and entities that formulate engineering design standards should base standards more directly on research findings. Engineers should collaborate with researchers and end users when developing and designing agricultural equipment.
  • When designing machinery and equipment, engineers should apply standards that require automatic and passive protection for drivers and riders operating agricultural equipment on public roads.
  • Designers and manufacturers should continually consider ways in which new technologies can be incorporated in the design standards and applications of agricultural equipment.

Safety Programs

  • Safety programs must balance the educational effort by educating both agricultural workers and the general public about:
    • best practices for operating farm equipment on roadways, 
    • the purpose and usage of SMV and speed indicator symbol (SIS) emblems, and
    • the ways exclusions and exemptions of agricultural equipment from traffic regulations impact the interaction of vehicles and agricultural equipment on roadways.
  • Safety programs should work with local and state law-enforcement agencies to increase officers’ awareness of laws related to farm equipment.
  • Safety program personnel should work with manufacturers of Amish buggies to encourage the use of marking and lighting systems that meet current standards developed by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE), the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), and the Department of Transportation (DOT).


  • State policies should promote the comprehensive explanation of SMV and SIS emblems in driver’s manuals and as part of driver education programs.
  • A more comprehensive Uniform Vehicle Code (UVC) should be developed and adopted both nationally and at state levels. The new code should address modern types of agricultural equipment and the use of such equipment on roadways. Details of the code should include:
    • required registration of farm equipment for roadway use,
    • necessary qualifications and training for operators of agricultural equipment, and
    • regulations regarding the use of animal-drawn buggies, wagons, and equipment.
  • Policies should ensure consistent funding for research into the hazards of operating agricultural equipment on roadways and the best safety practices for the operation of farm equipment on public roads.
  • State and local governments should establish land-use policies to manage the interactions between farming and nonfarming vehicles on public roads.
  • Policies should encourage stricter enforcement by local and state police of proper SMV emblem usage.


Click here to review the NCERA 197 publication Agricultural Equipment on Public Roads, which explains the committee’s findings in their entirety.

For more information about the topics discussed in this article, click the links to the following articles:


Use the following format to cite this article:

NCERA 197: Agricultural Equipment on Public Roads. (2012) Farm and Ranch eXtension in Safety and Health (FReSH) Community of Practice. Retrieved from….


Reviewed and Summarized by:
Linda M. Fetzer, Pennsylvania State University –
Dennis J. Murphy, Pennsylvania State University –
Aaron M. Yoder, University of Nebraska Medical Center –

National Land-Grant Research and Extension Agenda for Agricultural Safety and Health: National Agenda for Action

Use the following format to cite this article:

National land-grant research and extension agenda for agricultural safety and health: National agenda for action. (2019) Ag Safety and Health eXtension Community of Practice. Retrieved from

The North Central Regional (NCR) 197 committee was established in 2000 by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, to utilize the land-grant research and extension systems, in conjunction with agricultural producers, to reduce agricultural work-related property losses, injuries, illnesses, and deaths. The NCR 197 committee was reappointed and renamed the North Central Education/Extension Research Activity (NCERA) 197 in 2005 and reappointed again in 2011.

The original NCR 197 committee developed the National Land-Grant Research and Extension Agenda for Agricultural Safety and Health: National Agenda for Action, a prioritized list of 12 major issues in agricultural safety and health research and extension. This article outlines the 12 prioritized areas that the NCR 197 committee identified and the NCERA 197 committee continues to address:

  • Sensors and guarding systems
  • Operation of agricultural equipment on public roads
  • Agricultural confined spaces
  • Emerging technologies
  • Human factors in engineering and design
  • Management of agricultural emergencies
  • Livestock handling and housing systems
  • Public policy issues
  • Capital- and management-intensive operations vs. family-labor-intensive operations
  • Fire detection and suppression
  • Agricultural safety education and training
  • Special populations and enterprises

Sensors and Guarding Systems

The National Agenda for Action points out that the majority of agricultural-related injuries and fatalities are due to tractor overturns, incidents involving machinery and equipment, and exposure to toxic environments. Emerging sensor technology needs to be adapted to agricultural workplaces to identify, monitor, and provide warnings about hazards. Examples of sensors and guarding systems include:

  • enhanced rollover protective structures (ROPSs),
  • stability indicators,
  • lockout systems,
  • machine guarding,
  • environment monitors, and
  • global positioning systems (GPSs).

Operation of Agricultural Equipment on Public Roads

Public roads are one of the NCERA 197 committee’s priorities because of the potential for deadly encounters between motor vehicles and agricultural equipment. Areas requiring continued research and education include:

  • high-speed agricultural equipment,
  • lighting and marking of equipment,
  • rural road design,
  • specialized vehicles (such as horse-drawn buggies), and
  • hazardous material transportation.

Agricultural Confined Spaces

Confined spaces in production agriculture, such as manure storage areas and fuel storage areas, which continue to increase in scale and use, are accompanied by their own set of safety concerns. The National Agenda for Action calls for a focus on confined spaces that includes:

  • rescue procedures,
  • facility design,
  • fall protection systems,
  • safe entry procedures,
  • gas monitoring,
  • warning systems, and
  • ventilation systems.

Emerging Technologies

Changes in technology regarding production and efficiency are inevitable, but the potential hazards introduced by such changes need to be examined to develop the most useful and safest product designs. The National Agenda for Action recommends that attention should be given to technologies involving:

  • automatic pilot,
  • biosensors,
  • genetically modified organisms (GMOs),
  • high-speed equipment,
  • sludge application,
  • driverless tractors, and
  • GPSs.

Human Factors in Engineering and Design

An agricultural operation could not survive without its workforce, so the National Agenda for Action emphasizes the importance of examining workplace safety and working conditions. Potential research areas include, but are not limited to:

  • accommodations for disabilities,
  • gender issues,
  • effects of long-term exposure to vibration and weather,
  • musculoskeletal disorders, and
  • the prevention of secondary injuries.

Management of Agricultural Emergencies

Land-grant institutions continue to play a vital role in the development of resources and training for emergency preparedness for all types of emergencies in rural communities. The National Agenda for Action calls for continued attention to such topics as:

  • decontamination,
  • severe-weather preparedness,
  • responses to agroterrorism and chemical spills, and
  • rural fire prevention and response.

Livestock Handling and Housing Systems

Most agricultural operations have livestock, and the National Agenda for Action notes that focus must be maintained on production practices and their effects on both livestock and humans to reflect the growth in livestock processes and facilities. Potential areas of research include:

  • ventilation,
  • livestock-handling equipment,
  • sanitation,
  • zoonotic diseases, and
  • human-and-animal interactions.

Public Policy Issues

Farms and ranches are exempt from some worker safety and health regulations that apply to other workplaces. The NCERA 197 committee will consider how public policy issues relate to youth workers, uninsured workers, and agricultural operations that now employ larger numbers of people. Examples of public policy issues to be addressed include:

  • funding for safety initiatives,
  • liability issues,
  • rural-to-urban interfaces, and
  • workers’ compensation.

Capital- and Management-Intensive Operations vs. Family-Labor-Intensive Operations

The differences between large corporate farms and family farms continue to pose challenges to research and delivery methods for agricultural safety and health information and training. The Cooperative Extension System continues to bring research-based information from the institution level to the producer level; however, the NCERA 197 committee asserts that delivery and dissemination models require further examination. Some areas that require focus include:

  • the design of small-scale equipment,
  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards and exemptions,
  • effects of safety management practices on profitability,
  • labor issues,
  • health care, and
  • disability benefits.

Fire Detection and Suppression

Fires can be devastating for agricultural operations because of the presence of livestock and costly equipment and the distance from local fire protection services. Early detection of fires and preparedness are vital to reducing the financial and human loss associated with a fire. The National Agenda for Action defines the following priority areas:

  • electrical standards,
  • extinguishing agents,
  • fire detection and monitoring, and
  • training of rural firefighters.

Agricultural Safety Education and Training

Land-grant institutions provide essential safety and health education through the county extension system. The research-based information and programs developed and evaluated at land-grant institutions are delivered through the Cooperative Extension System in effective formats to families, youths, and producers. Potential research topics identified by the National Agenda for Action include:

  • the development and testing of risk assessment tools,
  • evaluation of teaching methodologies (computer, Web-based, and so on),
  • the needs of special populations, and
  • evaluation of the effectiveness of safety and training curricula.

Special Populations and Enterprises

The farm or ranch workforce, including owners, operators, and workers, continues to diversify in terms of culture, ethnicity, age, gender, and level of education. Due to this diversity, a single approach to education is not feasible. The land-grant institutions continue to explore teaching-delivery systems that will address the needs of a diverse workforce. The NCERA 197 committee notes that further research is needed to:

  • develop and test culturally sensitive safety and health resources,
  • understand how gender affects safety, and
  • address the issues of low literacy rates, secondary injuries, and injuries to youth.


Click HERE to view the National Agenda for Action for complete details about the 12 priority areas of the committee.

Click HERE to access Special Issue – November/December 2017, Resource engineering and technology for a sustainable world. Safety, American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers magazine. Link:….

Use the following format to cite this article:

National land-grant research and extension agenda for agricultural safety and health: National agenda for action. (2019) Ag Safety and Health eXtension Community of Practice. Retrieved from


National land-grant research and extension agenda for agricultural safety and health: National agenda for action. (2003) NCR 197 Committee on Agricultural Safety and Health Research and Extension. Retrieved from….

Reviewed and Summarized by:
Linda M. Fetzer, Pennsylvania State University –
Dennis J. Murphy, Pennsylvania State University –
Michael Pate, Utah State University
Aaron Yoder, University of Nebraska Medical Center –