Occupational Injury Surveillance of Production Agriculture Survey

There are a variety of tasks, conditions, and situations in production agriculture that place workers at risk for fatal and nonfatal injury. In addition to workers, family members are at risk for injuries because of the close proximity between the home and the agricultural work environment. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has been directed by Congress to develop a comprehensive agricultural safety and health program to address the risk of injuries and work-related illnesses for workers and family members in production agriculture.

NIOSH completed the Occupational Injury Surveillance of Production Agriculture (OISPA) survey to provide national injury data covering adults age 20 and older who work on farms in the United States. NIOSH provides the data in accessible online electronic tables (e-tables). Click here to be directed to the NIOSH website for complete access to this valuable information. The e-tables present OISPA data for the years 2001, 2004, and 2009. Additional information located on NIOSH’s OISPA website includes links to interpretations of the data provided in NIOSH documents and publications and the NIOSH Cost-effective Rollover Protective Structures (CROPS) website.

Click here for information about childhood agricultural injury survey data from 2001, 2004, 2006, and 2009.

 

Reviewed and Summarized by:
Linda M. Fetzer, Pennsylvania State University – lmf8@psu.edu
Kitty J. Hendricks, NIOSH  kjt1@cdc.gov
Dennis J. Murphy, Pennsylvania State University – djm13@psu.edu
Aaron M. Yoder, University of Nebraska Medical Center – aaron.yoder@unmc.edu
 

Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation

The Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) is a program funded by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) that monitors acute traumatic occupational deaths and identifies contributing factors. Click here to be directed to the main NIOSH FACE program page.

FACE is a research program. The staff does not enforce compliance with either state or federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards nor do they determine blame. Information collected through FACE is used to identify factors or trends that can be used to make recommendations to reduce the risk of similar deaths. Identifying information for employees or employers is not included in the published FACE reports. Click here to see how NIOSH uses FACE data in its published reports.

At the national level, NIOSH FACE began collecting voluntary fatality information in 1982. NIOSH then funded state-based programs where FACE fatality information was collected beginning in 1989. Currently, the states that manage FACE programs include California, Iowa, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, and Washington. State FACE programs are typically managed by state departments of health or labor. Click here if you are interested in contacting the staff collecting FACE information for a specific state.

FACE reports can be viewed based on specific criteria. Click here to view reports indexed according to location of incident, industry, cause, and population. The reports most relevant to agriculture are indexed by industry (e.g., agriculture, youth agriculture, etc.) and cause (e.g., confined spaces, machine-farming, etc.). View the “What’s New” section to view recent reports based on a specific month and year, or visit the state FACE report map to obtain fatality reports on a state-to-state basis.

Examples of agricultural resources created by FACE include the following:

Iowa FACE – Prevent Fatalities from Grain Entrapments

New York FACE – Fatal Injuries among Animal Handlers in New York State

Washington FACE – Hazards to Orchard Tractor and Machinery (English or Spanish

 

Reviewed and Summarized by:
Linda M. Fetzer, Pennsylvania State University – lmf8@psu.edu
Eric F. Jalonen, Washington State FACE Program – jale235@LNI.WA.GOV
Dennis J. Murphy, Pennsylvania State University – (has since retired)
Todd Schoonover, Washington State Department of Labor & Industries – scto235@LNI.WA.GOV
Aaron M. Yoder, University of Nebraska Medical Center – aaron.yoder@unmc.edu
 

 

Ag Safety and Health Publication Resources

Print, video, and webinar resources are valuable to agricultural producers, agricultural educators, agricultural safety and health professionals, and Cooperative Extension personnel. In addition to the resources available on eXtension and through the Farm and Ranch eXtension in Safety and Health (FReSH) site, there are additional agricultural safety and health resources available through universities and organizations. The following information provides links to available online publications (2000 and newer) from universities and agricultural safety and health organizations. Topics are listed below. Click on the topic to be linked to topic article where the individual publication links are located.

Animal Safety

Behavioral Health

Chemical and Biological Material Safety

Confined Space Safety

  • Grain Bins
  • Manure Storages
  • Silos

Crops and Feed Safety

Emergency Response and Preparedness

  • Agricultural Emergencies
  • Fire and Fire Prevention
  • First Aid
  • Weather-Related Issues

General Farm and Ranch Safety

  • Agritourism
  • General Farm and Ranch Safety

Machinery and Equipment

  • Agricultural Tractors and Equipment
  • Agricultural Vehicles, Visibility, and Public Roadways
  • ATV
  • Chainsaws and Tree Felling
  • Hand Signals
  • Lawncare

Occupational Health and Safety

  • Agriculture and Weather
  • Falls and Fall Prevention
  • Health Conditions
  • Personal Protective Equipment

Special Populations

  • Agricultural Producers with a Disability
  • Anabaptist (e.g., Amish) Populations
  • Children and Youth
  • Hispanic Resources
  • Secondary Injury Prevention

Structures and Landscapes

 

For video resources, click here to access an online directory of agricultural safety and health video resources.


Summarized by:
Linda M. Fetzer, Pennsylvania State University – lmf8@psu.edu
Reviewed by:
Dennis J. Murphy, Pennsylvania State University – djm13@psu.edu
Aaron M. Yoder, Pennsylvania State University – ayoder@psu.edu

Agricultural Safety and Health Video Resources

Print, video, and webinar resources are valuable to agricultural producers, agricultural educators, agricultural safety and health professionals, and Cooperative Extension personnel. In addition to the resources available on eXtension and through the Farm and Ranch eXtension in Safety and Health (FReSH) site, there are additional agricultural safety and health resource available through universities and organizations. The following information provides links to available video publications (2000 and newer) from universities and agricultural safety and health organizations. Topics are listed below. Click on the topic to be linked to the article where the individual resources links are located by category.

Animal Safety

Chemical Safety

Confined Space Safety

  • Grain Bins
  • Manure Storages

Crop Safety

Emergency Response and Safety

General Farm and Ranch Safety

Machinery and Equipment Safety

  • Equipment
  • Rural Roadways
  • Tractor and PTO

Occupational Health and Safety

  • Falls and Fall Prevention
  • Health Conditions
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Weather-Related Issues

Safety for Special Populations

Traumatic Injury

 

For print resources, click here to access a directory of online agricultural safety and health publications.

 

Summarized by:
Linda M. Fetzer, Pennsylvania State University – lmf8@psu.edu
Reviewed by:
Dennis J. Murphy, Pennsylvania State University – djm13@psu.edu
Aaron M. Yoder, Pennsylvania State University – aaron.yoder@unmc.edu

General Farm and Ranch Safety Video Resources

 

Topic Title Organization Resource Type

Enhancing a Farm’s Safety Culture, Productivity and Sustainability by using “On Farm Inspections” (2013)

3:19 minutes

Canadian Agricultural Safety Association Free – Online video via YouTube

Farm Safety Plan (2011)

2:49 minutes

English   French

Canadian Agricultural Safety Association Free – Online video via YouTube

Farm S.O.S. (Strategies on Safety) Curriculum Videos: A General Overview of Farm Hazards (2014)

1:39 minutes

Ohio State University Free – Online video via YouTube

Farm S.O.S. (Strategies on Safety) Curriculum Videos: Hazards of Clutter (2014)

1:13 minutes

Ohio State University Free – Online video via YouTube

Growing Safely – Farm Electrical Safety (2015)

5:36 minutes

 

Alliant Energy Fee – Online video via YouTube

Plan Farm Safety (2011)

15:25 minutes

English   French

Canadian Agricultural Safety Association

Addresses augers, tractor safety, ROPS, lockout/tag out, horizontal bunk silos, chemicals, and farm safety and health plans

Free – Online video via YouTube

SaskPower Farm Safety Video (2011)

4:52 minutes

SaskPower – Overhead power line safety Free – Online video via YouTube

Tornado Safety Tips (2011)

1:12 minutes

The Ohio State University Free – Online video via YouTube

 

Machinery and Equipment Safety Video Resources


Equipment Safety

Topic Titles Organization Resource Type

Agricultural Equipment Operator Safety (2002)

 

Iowa State University CD/Video available to purchase ($25)

Farm Augers: Manage the Safety Risks (2011)

4:18 minutes

Canadian Agricultural Safety Association Free – Online video via YouTube

Farm S.O.S. (Strategies on Safety) Video Series: ATV Safety (2014)

1:15 minutes

Ohio State University Free – Online video via YouTube

Farm S.O.S. (Strategies on Safety) Video Series: Slow Moving Vehicle (SMV) Emblem (2014)

1:09 minutes

 

Ohio State University Free – Online video via YouTube

For Your Safety: Industrial and Agricultural Mower Safety Practices (2005)

11:00 minutes

English     Spanish

Association of Equipment Manufacturers (AEM) Free – Online video via YouTube or click here to purchase a copy ($10).

Mechanical Hazards (2011)

10 video series on mechanical hazards (e.g., pinch point, crush point, etc.)

Pennsylvania State University Free – Online video via YouTube

Skid Loader Operation Walkthrough (2012)

6:04 minutes

Environmental Health and Safety Iowa State University Free – Online video via YouTube

Skid Steer Loader Safety (2013)

27:20 minutes

Kansas State University Free – Online video via YouTube

 

General Machinery and Equipment

Topic Titles Organization Resource Type

ATV and Farm Utility Vehicle Safety (2010)

25:57 minutes

Farm Employers Labor Service Available for purchase – $59/DVD

Ag Hand and Power Tool Safety (2000)

13:00 minutes

Farm Employers Labor Service Available for purchase – $135/DVD

Agricultural Safety Signals (2011)

English    Spanish

Pennsylvania State University – Videos that demonstrate the 11 ASABE hand signals when operating equipment Free – Online videos via YouTube

Adam Hall – Lawn Mower Fatality – Economics and Social Cost (2013)

7:42 minutes

U.S. Agricultural Safety and Health Centers Free – Online videos via YouTube

 

Rural Roadways

Topic Titles Organization Resource Type

Rural Driving/Defensive Driving (2000)

33:00 minutes

Farm Employers Labor Services Available for purchase – $75/DVD

Rural Road Crashes: They’re Preventable (2011)

10:00 minutes

Iowa’s Center for Agricultural Safety and Health Free – Online video

Sharing the Roadways in Amish Country (2011)

10:33 minutes

Ohio State University Free – Online video via YouTube

 

Tractor and PTO Safety

Topic Titles Organization Resource Type

Farm S.O.S. (Strategies on Safety) Curriculum Videos: PTO Safety (2014)

1:15 minutes

Ohio State University Free – Online video via YouTube

Farm Tractor Safety: More than Plows and PTOs (2010)

53:00 minutes

English    Spanish

Washington State Department of Labor & Industries Free – Online video via Windows Media Player

How to Install and Maintain a Shaft Cover on a Tractor PTO (2012)

8:17 minutes

Alabama Cooperative Extension Free – Online video via YouTube

Multi-State ROPS Rebate Program (2013)

4:54 minutes

U.S. Agricultural Safety and Health Centers Free – Online video via YouTube

Pre-Operation Maintenance Checks (2011)

9 video series coolant, tires, master shield, etc.

Pennsylvania State University Free – Online video via YouTube

Power Take-Off Safety (2011)

3:03 minutes

Canadian Agricultural Safety Association Free – Online video via YouTube

Proper Use of a PTO-Driven Posthole Digger (2012)

7:14 minutes

Alabama Cooperative Extension Free – Online video via YouTube

Rollover Protection Structures (2011)

2:16 minutes

Canadian Agricultural Safety Association Free – Online video via YouTube

Safe Operation of Farm Tractors: A Basic Overview for Farm Owners and Operators (2015)

(9 segments in the series)

University of Wisconsin Free – Online videos via YouTube

Tractor Operation for Hispanic Youth (2012) Video clips from 7 modules (e.g., vestimenta segura, senales conlas manos, etc.)

Complete Curriculum

Pennsylvania State University Free – Online videos via YouTube

Tractor Rollover Protection Plus Seatbelts Save Lives (2011)

3:45 minutes

Canadian Agricultural Safety Association Free – Online video via YouTube

Tractor Safety: Avoid Rollovers (2001)

00:31minutes

Mississippi State University Free – Online video

Tractor Safety: Falling Objects (2001)

00:31 minutes

Mississippi State University Free – Online video

Tractor Safety: Front Loaders (2001)

00:31 minutes

Mississippi State University Free – Online video

Tractor Safety: Lifting Heavy Loads (2001)

00:31 minutes

Mississippi State University Free – Online video

Tractor Safety: Proper Hitching (2001)

00:31 minutes

Mississippi State University Free – Online video

Tractor Safety: Safe Turns (2001)

00:31 minutes

Mississippi State University Free – Online video

Tractor Safety: Rollover Protective Structures (2001)

00:33 minutes

Mississippi State University Free – Online video

Tractor Safety Elements (2011)

11:37 minutes

English         Spanish

SAIF Corporation and Agri-Business Council of Oregon Free – Online video

Tractor Safety – 3-part series (2007)

(Part 1: Basic operation;  Part 2: Highway safety; Part 3: PTO and hitching)

Farm Employers Labor Services Available for purchase – $145/DVD

 

Occupational Health and Safety Video Resources


Falls and Fall Prevention

Topic Titles Organization Resource Type

Fall from Heights (2012)

31:17 minutes

Kansas State University Free – Online video via YouTube

Ladder Injuries (2015)

10 video series

English and Spanish

U.S. Agricultural Safety and Health Centers Free – Online videos via YouTube

Same-Level Falls (2012)

27:45 minutes

Kansas State University Free – Online video via YouTube

Solutions to Reduce Slips and Falls (2009)

3:18 minutes

West Virginia University – Center for Excellence in Disabilities Free – Online video via YouTube

Overview of Workplace Falls (2012)

4:31 minutes

Kansas State University Free – Online video via YouTube

Health Conditions

Topic Titles Organization Resource Type

Gaining Ground on Arthritis: Managing Arthritis in the Agricultural Workplace (2007)

16:53 minutes

Breaking New Ground Resource Center at Purdue University Free – Online video via YouTube

Hearing Damage (2011)

1:41 minutes

Canadian Agricultural Safety Association Free – Online video via YouTube

Prevention of Musculoskeletal Injuries (2011)

3:53 minutes

Canadian Agricultural Safety Association Free – Online video via YouTube

Protect Your Joints (2010)

0.52 seconds

National AgrAbility  – Purdue University Free – Online video via YouTube

Personal Protective Equipment

Topic Titles Organization Resource Type

Agricultural Respiratory Protection – How to Get the Right Fit (2012)

6:53 minutes

Central States Center for Agricultural Safety and Health Free – Online video via YouTube

Agricultural Respiratory Protection – How to Properly Care for Your Mask (2012)

6:08 minutes

Central States Center for Agricultural Safety and Health Free – Online video via YouTube

Choosing the Right Mask for Your Agricultural Job (2012)

4:37 minutes

Central States Center for Agricultural Safety and Health Free – Online video via YouTube

Respirators (2011)

3:12 minutes

Canadian Agricultural Safety Association Free – Online video via YouTube

Respiratory Protection in Agricultural Settings – Understanding the Risks (2012)

3:26 minutes

Central States Center for Agricultural Safety and Health Free – Online video via YouTube

Skin Cancer Prevention for the Agricultural Employee (2004)

16:00 minutes

University of Arizona College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Available for purchase – $10/DVD

Sound Advice for Farming (2005)

6:00 minutes

Contact Dr. Deborah Reed at University of Kentucky at dbreed01@uky.edu Available for purchase – $10/video


Weather-Related Issues

Topic Title Organization Resource Type

Heat Illness (2014)

(Series of 6 videos – English and Spanish)

U.S. Agricultural Safety & Health Centers Free – Online video via YouTube

Summer Safety – Heat Stroke (2009)

1:21 minutes

University of Arkansas Free – Online video via YouTube

Wyoming Ag Producers and Skin Cancer (2010)

3:24 minutes

University of Wyoming Free – Online Video via You Tube

 

Special Populations Safety Video Resources

 

Topic Title Organization Resource Type

Caring for a Diabetic Foot (2011)

5:23 minutes

National AgrAbility – Purdue University  Free – Online video via YouTube

Caring for a Residual Limb (2011)

4:31 minutes

National AgrAbility – Purdue University  Free – Online video via YouTube

Farming with Arthritis (2008)

15:00 minutes

University of Missouri Extension Missouri AgrAbility Project & Missouri Arthritis Rehabilitation Research and Training Center  Free – Online video via YouTube

KY AgrAbility – Enabling a Disabled Farmer to Continue Farming (2013)

4:36 minutes

U.S. Agricultural Safety and Health Centers Free – Online video via YouTube

Sharing the Roadways in Amish Country (2011)

10:33 minutes

The Ohio State University  Free – Online video via YouTube

To Everything There is a Season: A Video for Caregivers of Farmers and Ranchers with Disabilities (2000)

43:23 minutes

National AgrAbility – Purdue University  Free – Online video via YouTube

 

Age-Related Topics

Topic Title Organization Resource Type

Child Development Cannot be Rushed (2015)

(Series of 5 videos)

U.S. Agricultural Safety & Health Centers  Free – Online video via YouTube

Keeping Small Children Safe (2011)

3:02 minutes

Canadian Agricultural Safety Association  Free – Online video via YouTube

Play it Safe on the Farm (2015)

4:21 minutes

Propane Education & Research Council  Free – Online video

Propane Safety (2015)

4:21 minutes

Propane Education & Research Council  Free – Online video

Senior Safety (2011)

2:15 minutes

Canadian Agricultural Safety Association  Free – Online video via YouTube

Animal Safety Video Resources

Topic Titles Organization Resource Type

Cattle Behavior (2011)

2:58 minutes)

Canadian Agricultural Safety Association Free – Online video via YouTube

Cattle Handling Safety (2011)

13:19 minutes

Southwest Center for Agricultural Health, Injury Prevention, and Education Free – Online video via YouTube

Considering Human and Animal Safety: Dairy Safety Training

(2015)

7 part video series

U.S. Agricultural Safety and Health Centers Free – Online video via YouTube

Livestock Safety for Kids (2011)

Spanish (9:44 minutes)

English (9:59 minutes)

Southwest Center for Agricultural Health, Injury Prevention, and Education

Free – Online video via YouTube

Right from the Start: Beef Cattle (2011)

14:48 minutes

Southwest Center for Agricultural Health, Injury Prevention, and Education

Free – Online video via YouTube

Right from the Start: Cattle Trailers (2011)

4:13 minutes

Southwest Center for Agricultural Health, Injury Prevention, and Education

Free – Online video via YouTube

Right from the Start: Dairy Cows Part 1 (2011)

9:30 minutes

Southwest Center for Agricultural Health, Injury Prevention, and Education

Free – Online video via YouTube

Right from the Start: Dairy Cows Part 2 (2011)

6:57 minutes

Southwest Center for Agricultural Health, Injury Prevention, and Education

Free – Online video via YouTube

Right from the Start: Goats (2011)

1:59 minutes

Southwest Center for Agricultural Health, Injury Prevention, and Education

Free – Online video via YouTube

Right from the Start: Horses Part 1 (2011)

9:09 minutes

Southwest Center for Agricultural Health, Injury Prevention, and Education

Free – Online video via YouTube

Right from the Start: Horses Part 2 (2011)

10:46 minutes

Southwest Center for Agricultural Health, Injury Prevention, and Education

Free – Online video via YouTube

Right from the Start: Horse Trailers (2011)

7:00 minutes

Southwest Center for Agricultural Health, Injury Prevention, and Education

Free – Online video via YouTube

Right from the Start: Production Cattle (2011)

2:35 minutes

Southwest Center for Agricultural Health, Injury Prevention, and Education

Free – Online video via YouTube

Right from the Start: Production Horses (2011)

2:50 minutes

Southwest Center for Agricultural Health, Injury Prevention, and Education

Free – Online video via YouTube

Right from the Start: Safety Basics (2011)

6:23 minutes

Southwest Center for Agricultural Health, Injury Prevention, and Education

Free – Online video via YouTube

Right from the Start: Sheep (2011)

2:24 minutes

Southwest Center for Agricultural Health, Injury Prevention, and Education

Free – Online video via YouTube

Right from the Start: Swine (2011)

6:32 minutes

Southwest Center for Agricultural Health, Injury Prevention, and Education

Free – Online video via YouTube

Safety Training for Cattle Handlers can Increase Profits (2013)

3:29 minutes

Farm and Ranch Safety and Health Association

Free – Online video via YouTube

Training Hog Barn Workers to be Safe and Productive (2013)

3:56 minutes

Canadian Agricultural Safety Association Free – Online video via YouTube
Youth Livestock Safety (2011) Kansas State University Free – Available through Kansas State University